Thrush can cause infection on various parts of the body. Oral thrush is different from other manifestations of the fungal infection, which means it is also often treated differently.
Oral thrush often causes lesions that are similar in appearance to cottage cheese. These can be painful to touch and may bleed if they are scraped. The fungal infection is caused by bacteria that is commonly present in and around the body but is simply held at bay by the immune system. If your immune system becomes weak, then thrush may start to appear. It usually only affects infants and people with weakened immune systems. The immune system deficiency can be caused by disease, by the use of certain medications and by environmental factors.
Thrush is generally treated with antifungal medications. While thrush on other parts of the body is usually treated with a topical cream, oral thrush has to be treated with an oral medication, such as a lozenge or a tablet. The most common tablets used are Fluconazole and Itraconazole. Depending on your age and medical condition, different medications will be used. People who have weak immune systems due to AIDS, for instance, will be given a different antifungal treatment than someone who has thrush due to using corticosteroids.
The treatment is always designed to stop the thrush from spreading and ensure it doesn’t persist. Over time, with the medication doing what it is supposed to do, the thrush will die off and go away.
No matter what kind of thrush you have, your doctor will give you the same hygienic routine to follow. You still need to keep up daily cleaning, such as brushing your teeth and using mouthwash. There is also a medicated mouthwash you may be able to use to treat the oral thrush.
When you clean the inside of your mouth or eat food, you have to be careful not to scrape the thrush. Not only will it be painful, but it can cause the problem to spread or take longer to heal. You may also want to avoid any contact with another person where the thrush may spread, such as kissing. Touching the oral thrush with other parts of your body can cause it to spread as well, and your doctor is generally going to tell you to leave it alone as much as possible. In time, it will go away by itself. If it is being helped along by medication, then it will disappear sooner.