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Locating Malaria Across the World

WHO reported over 300 million people at risk of contracting Malaria in 2015. A malaria map shows the areas where people are at risk all over the world. In areas with high risk, anti-malarial medications are advised, based on Mefloquine, Doxycycline, Atovaquone-Proguanil and primaquine. In others, physical protection against mosquitoes is advised.

Risk in Asia

Asia is the biggest continent. Many Asian countries lie on the tropical belt. While WHO and other regulating authorities are doing a good job in reducing malarial risk, travellers need to carry out relevant precautions. For example, Sri Lanka has been declared malaria-free since 2012. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Precaution

AfghanistanHigh during April to DecemberAnti-malarial medication
AzerbaijanVery low in rural areas between May and OctoberAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
BangladeshLowAnti-malarial medication
BhutanVery low risk in rural areas of Chhukha, Samtse, Dagana etc. Seasonal risk in other areasAnti-malarial medication in some districts, mosquito avoidance in others
BurmaModerateAnti-malarial medication
CambodiaLow risk; none at Phnom Penh and Angkor Wat templeAnti-malarial medication
ChinaVery low in province of Yunnan, and rural areas of Tibet, Anhui, Guangxi and HubeiAnti-malarial medication in some places, mosquito avoidance in others
IndiaModerate; none in Sikkim, Jammu, Kashmir and Himachal PradeshAnti-malarial medication
IndonesiaModerate; none in Bali, Gili Islands, Jakarta, Java, Thousand Islands and UbudAnti-malarial medication
IranVery low risk in rural areasAnti-malarial medication
LaosVery low; none in VientianeAnti-malarial medication
MalaysiaLow risk in rural areasAnti-malarial medication
NepalLow; none in KathmanduAnti-malarial medication
North KoreaLow risk in southern provincesAnti-malarial medication
OmanVery low risk in some areasAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
PakistanModerateAnti-malarial medication
PhilippinesLow risk in rural areasAnti-malarial medication
Saudi ArabiaVery low; none in Mecca, Medina, Jeddah and RiyadhAnti-malarial medication
South KoreaLow in rural areas between March and DecemberAnti-malarial medication
ThailandLow risk in provinces that border Burma, rare in others, none in Pattaya or KrabiAnti-malarial medication in some areas, mosquito avoidance in others
Timor-LesteLow riskAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
TurkeyVery lowAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
VietnamLow in rural areasAnti-malarial medication
YemenLow; none in Sana’aAnti-malarial medication

 

Risk in Africa

Malaria is treated as a life-threatening endemic in the countries of Africa as there is poor control of mosquito population. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

AngolaHighAnti-malarial medication
BeninHighAnti-malarial medication
BotswanaVery low in Central and Northwest districtsAnti-malarial medication
Burkina FasoHighAnti-malarial medication
BurundiModerateAnti-malarial medication
CameroonHighAnti-malarial medication
Cape VerdeVery low on Sao Tiago IslandAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Central African RepublicHighAnti-malarial medication
ChadHighAnti-malarial medication
ComorosHighAnti-malarial medication
Congo RepublicHighAnti-malarial medication
Cote D’IvoireHighAnti-malarial medication
Democratic Republic of CongoModerateAnti-malarial medication
DjiboutiModerateAnti-malarial medication
Equatorial GuineaHighAnti-malarial medication
EritreaModerate, none in AsmaraAnti-malarial medication
EthiopiaModerate, none in urban Addis AbabaAnti-malarial medication
GabonModerateAnti-malarial medication
GambiaHighAnti-malarial medication
GhanaHighAnti-malarial medication
GuineaHighAnti-malarial medication
Guinea-BissauModerateAnti-malarial medication
KenyaModerate; none in central NairobiAnti-malarial medication
LiberiaHighAnti-malarial medication
MadagascarModerateAnti-malarial medication
MalawiModerateAnti-malarial medication
MaliHighAnti-malarial medication
MauritaniaHighAnti-malarial medication
MayotteHighAnti-malarial medication
MozambiqueModerateAnti-malarial medication
NamibiaLow riskAnti-malarial medication
NigerHighAnti-malarial medication
NigeriaHighAnti-malarial medication
RwandaModerateAnti-malarial medication
Sao Tome and PrincipeVery LowAnti-malarial medication
SenegalHighAnti-malarial medication
Sierra LeoneHighAnti-malarial medication
SomaliaHighAnti-malarial medication
South AfricaLowAnti-malarial medication
South SudanHighAnti-malarial medication
SudanHighAnti-malarial medication
SwazilandVery low in eastern areasAnti-malarial medication
TanzaniaModerateAnti-malarial medication
TogoHighAnti-malarial medication
UgandaHighAnti-malarial medication
Western SaharaVery lowAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
ZambiaModerateAnti-malarial medication
ZimbabweModerateAnti-malarial medication

 

Risk in North America

Central America falls in the tropical and subtropical region. In those areas, risk of malaria is high due to breeding population of mosquitoes. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

BelizeVery low in areas of Toledo and Stann CreekAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Dominican RepublicLow risk overall, none in Santiago and Santo DomingoAnti-malarial medication
El SalvadorVery low along Guatemalan borderAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
GuatemalaLow risk in rural areas; none in Antigua or Lake AtitlanAnti-malarial medication, avoid mosquitoes in others
HaitiModerateAnti-malarial medication
HondurasModerate; none in Sula, San Pedro and TegucigalpaAnti-malarial medication
MexicoVery low risk; none along the US-Mexico borderAnti-malarial medication in some areas, mosquito avoidance in others
NicaraguaLow risk in few districtsAnti-malarial medication in some areas, mosquito avoidance in others
PanamaLow risk in eastern provincesAnti-malarial medication

 

Risk in South America

Part of South America falls in the tropical and subtropical region. In those areas, risk of malaria is high due to breeding population of mosquitoes. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

BoliviaLow overall, none in La PazAnti-malarial medication
BrazilLow in states of Acre, Amazonas, Rondonia etc. Also present in urban areas None at Iguassu FallsAnti-malarial medication
ColombiaLow overall, none in Bogota and CartagenaAnti-malarial medication
EcuadorLow risk, none in Galapagos Islands, Guayaquil and QuitoAnti-malarial medication
French GuianaModerate, none in Kourou and Cayenne coastAnti-malarial medication
GuyanaModerate; rare in Amsterdam and GeorgetownAnti-malarial medication
ParaguayVery lowAvoid mosquitoes, no drugs
PeruLow; none in Lima province, Arequipa, Cuzo, Ica, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca etcAnti-malarial medication
SurinameModerate in provinces of Sipaliwini and BrokopondoAnti-malarial medication
VenezuelaLow risk; none in Margarita Island and cities of Caracas and MaracaiboAnti-malarial medication in some areas, avoid mosquitoes in others

 

Risk in Oceania

Part of Oceania falls in the tropical region. In those areas, risk of malaria is high due to breeding population of mosquitoes. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

Papua New GuineaHighAnti-malarial medication
Solomon IslandsHighAnti-malarial medication
VanuatuModerateAnti-malarial medication

 

If you are planning to travel, and your country falls in any of the lists above, consult your doctor today. Your health professional will advise you of the appropriate measures you need to take in order to protect yourself from contracting malarial infection.

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