Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is a medical condition some young women suffer from. With this malady, the woman will not be able to ovulate, or release eggs, properly. They may have irregular periods, and their ovaries are covered in cysts. That’s where the name “polycystic” comes from.
Women who suffer from PCOS will have low insulin levels, as their body won’t be producing enough insulin on their own. That means that their blood sugar levels are likely going to be abnormally and perhaps dangerously high. PCOS can often be classified as a pre-diabetic condition, and those who are experiencing this condition may be at risk of developing diabetes over time.
The PCOS sufferers blood sugar levels are likely to be quite high if there isn’t enough insulin present in the body. That’s because the body naturally produces blood sugar, or glucose, until it detects insulin. That insulin is supposed to release once the person starts to consume food. The insulin absorbs glucose throughout the body and prevents too much blood sugar from being produced. However, when insulin levels are low, blood sugar can run rampant and put the body into a dangerous situation.
That’s where Metformin comes in. This medication is typically used to control diabetes by lowering the blood sugar. It stops the hormones that produce glucose and decreases the amount of blood sugar being produced. That helps combat the body’s lack of insulin and decreases the risk of diabetes developing.
While Metformin is usually reserved for people who are suffering from type 2 diabetes, it can be a useful pre-diabetes treatment, helping halt the processes that create diabetes. However, this problem has to be caught soon enough for it to be diagnosed and treated. PCOS often precedes diabetes, which makes it an effective catalyst for pre-diabetes treatment.
Metformin will be taken either once or twice throughout the day, and it comes in small tablets that are not supposed to be chewed but swallowed whole. These tablets can either be immediate-release tablets or extended-release ones, and the type of tablet determines how large the dose is and how often you need to take them. Your doctor will tell you what dosage is right for you. For people who are pre-diabetic, the starting dose is usually lower than what it would be for someone who has type 2 diabetes.
Not everyone with PCOS will be able to take Metformin. Their situation may not be severe enough to warrant this potent medication, and they may be able to use alternative medication that isn’t quite as powerful and that doesn’t cause as severe side effects.