When thrush affects the genital regions, Fluconazole is usually recommended, but for other areas of infection, anti-fungal creams containing Imidazole may be recommended. If symptoms do not resolve within 1-2 weeks, Imidazole will likely be replaced by Fluconazole.
Imidazole treats thrush by reducing the number of fungi in the affected area. It kills the fungi by destroying the fungal cell membrane. Different imidazole based formulas are available in the market such as miconazole, ketoconazole, econazole, clotrimazole etc. Most of these formulas do not need a prescription for purchase and often carry no side effects. The only side effect experienced commonly is the burning sensation after application; some people also complain of skin irritation. Seek medical attention in case of side effect occurrence.
Fluconazole is an oral tablet. Also available without prescription, Fluconazole treats thrush infection by killing fungi through destroying body enzymes that the fungi are surviving upon. Most common side effects of this medication are increased levels of flatulence, diarrhoea, stomach-ache and nausea.
It is best to avoid having sex if you have thrush. This will help prevent it from spreading to other parts of your body or to your partner. However, if you do have sex while thrush is present, you should use a condom and avoid touching the thrush directly.
In case of thrush infection, good hygiene can solve the problem quicker than medication alone. Avoid scented hygienic products and long hot baths. Take quick showers instead, washing the affected area very carefully with warm water. After the bath, dry the area thoroughly, and wear loose clothing. This will help keep the affected area cool and dry, preventing the growth of candida. When drying yourself after a shower, do not use the towel anywhere else after touching the infected area. Ensure that you wash the towel before using it again.