High blood pressure is often termed as hypertension. While it is easy to measure high blood pressure, sometimes people believe they are not suffering from high blood pressure and refuse to get a reading. Moreover, often at times a person’s blood pressure can suddenly rise due to underlying cause. Under such conditions, knowing signs and symptoms properly can help get a person to get immediate medical assistance.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
If you are suffering from following symptoms, you might be at risk of hypertension:
High blood pressure affects brain the most. For this reason, extreme hypertension can cause a stroke if it goes undiagnosed. Any fluctuation in blood pressure whether high or low causes the patient to suffer from headache. The more severe the hypertension gets, the more severe the headache becomes.
Fluctuations in blood pressure whether high or low, cause the heart to work harder than necessary. This flux or difference in blood pressure levels can cause a person to feel light-headed or dizzy. It is not uncommon to find people with high blood pressure losing their balance, falling or losing consciousness and fainting.
High levels of blood pressure can often be apparent from vision. The optical nerve, present behind the retina of the eye can be affected easily through blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause malfunctioning of optical nerve, causing blurred vision or redness in the eyes.
Nausea and Vomiting
High blood pressure can cause a person to feel feverish, and warmer than usual. Fluctuations in the blood pressure can cause disturbance in the digestive system, often causing antiperistalsis, which in return causes the feeling of nausea or vomiting if severe.
With high blood pressure, the heart has to pump faster and harder than usual. This causes muscular stress on cardiac muscles, and if the muscles are weak, then high blood pressure can cause extreme chest pain. The cardiac muscles start struggling to keep up with the increasing blood pressure in the body, and send a pain signal to brain so that the suffering person can immediately seek attention.
Shortness of Breath
While heart is responsible for pumping the blood throughout the body, it is also responsible for blood filtration through the lungs. The unfiltered blood from veins goes to the lungs, where carbon dioxide from the blood is filtered out of the body, and filled back with oxygen. When the blood pressure increases, it disturbs the pulmonary circulation, which ends up causing shortness of breath.
While nosebleeds can be caused by a lot of factors, high blood pressure is one of them. Hypertension can cause the tiny blood vessels in the nasal region to swell up and burst, eventually causing a nosebleed. While nosebleeds are temporary, if they are occurring more frequently, then you need to see a physician about it.
Facial Flushing, Sweating and Nervousness
High blood pressure and panic attacks are often correlated, because one occurs due to the other if the situation is sudden. High blood pressure can therefore, causes facial flushing, increasing body’s temperature, sweating and nervousness. Patients with high blood pressure feel nervous, because the body’s hormones mess up in the situations of stress and pressure. This releases adrenaline in the body increasing blood pressure levels.
Some of these symptoms are often similar in case of low blood pressure. However, others are clear symptoms of high blood pressure. Low rise of blood pressure often goes unnoticed; high blood pressure is often termed as a silent killer for this reason. Symptoms are more commonly apparent when the blood pressure elevates to extreme levels, at which point, the patient has to be hospitalized. It is very important to monitor your blood pressure on a regular basis through a blood pressure meter instead of relying just on signs and symptoms.