WHO reported over 300 million people at risk of contracting Malaria in 2015. A malaria map shows the areas where people are at risk all over the world. In areas with high risk, anti-malarial medications are advised, based on mefloquine, doxycycline, atovaquone-proguanil and primaquine. In others, physical protection against mosquitoes is advised.

Risk in Asia

Asia is the biggest continent. Many Asian countries lie on the tropical belt. While WHO and other regulating authorities are doing a good job in reducing malarial risk, travellers need to carry out relevant precautions. For example, Sri Lanka has been declared malaria-free since 2012. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Precaution

Afghanistan High during April to December Anti-malarial medication
Azerbaijan Very low in rural areas between May and October Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Bangladesh Low Anti-malarial medication
Bhutan Very low risk in rural areas of Chhukha, Samtse, Dagana etc. Seasonal risk in other areas Anti-malarial medication in some districts, mosquito avoidance in others
Burma Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Cambodia Low risk; none at Phnom Penh and Angkor Wat temple Anti-malarial medication
China Very low in province of Yunnan, and rural areas of Tibet, Anhui, Guangxi and Hubei Anti-malarial medication in some places, mosquito avoidance in others
India Moderate; none in Sikkim, Jammu, Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh Anti-malarial medication
Indonesia Moderate; none in Bali, Gili Islands, Jakarta, Java, Thousand Islands and Ubud Anti-malarial medication
Iran Very low risk in rural areas Anti-malarial medication
Laos Very low; none in Vientiane Anti-malarial medication
Malaysia Low risk in rural areas Anti-malarial medication
Nepal Low; none in Kathmandu Anti-malarial medication
North Korea Low risk in southern provinces Anti-malarial medication
Oman Very low risk in some areas Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Pakistan Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Philippines Low risk in rural areas Anti-malarial medication
Saudi Arabia Very low; none in Mecca, Medina, Jeddah and Riyadh Anti-malarial medication
South Korea Low in rural areas between March and December Anti-malarial medication
Thailand Low risk in provinces that border Burma, rare in others, none in Pattaya or Krabi Anti-malarial medication in some areas, mosquito avoidance in others
Timor-Leste Low risk Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Turkey Very low Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Vietnam Low in rural areas Anti-malarial medication
Yemen Low; none in Sana’a Anti-malarial medication

Risk in Africa

Malaria is treated as a life-threatening endemic in the countries of Africa as there is poor control of mosquito population. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

Angola High Anti-malarial medication
Benin High Anti-malarial medication
Botswana Very low in Central and Northwest districts Anti-malarial medication
Burkina Faso High Anti-malarial medication
Burundi Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Cameroon High Anti-malarial medication
Cape Verde Very low on Sao Tiago Island Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Central African Republic High Anti-malarial medication
Chad High Anti-malarial medication
Comoros High Anti-malarial medication
Congo Republic High Anti-malarial medication
Cote D’Ivoire High Anti-malarial medication
Democratic Republic of Congo Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Djibouti Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Equatorial Guinea High Anti-malarial medication
Eritrea Moderate, none in Asmara Anti-malarial medication
Ethiopia Moderate, none in urban Addis Ababa Anti-malarial medication
Gabon Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Gambia High Anti-malarial medication
Ghana High Anti-malarial medication
Guinea High Anti-malarial medication
Guinea-Bissau Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Kenya Moderate; none in central Nairobi Anti-malarial medication
Liberia High Anti-malarial medication
Madagascar Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Malawi Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Mali High Anti-malarial medication
Mauritania High Anti-malarial medication
Mayotte High Anti-malarial medication
Mozambique Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Namibia Low risk Anti-malarial medication
Niger High Anti-malarial medication
Nigeria High Anti-malarial medication
Rwanda Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Sao Tome and Principe Very Low Anti-malarial medication
Senegal High Anti-malarial medication
Sierra Leone High Anti-malarial medication
Somalia High Anti-malarial medication
South Africa Low Anti-malarial medication
South Sudan High Anti-malarial medication
Sudan High Anti-malarial medication
Swaziland Very low in eastern areas Anti-malarial medication
Tanzania Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Togo High Anti-malarial medication
Uganda High Anti-malarial medication
Western Sahara Very low Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Zambia Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Zimbabwe Moderate Anti-malarial medication

 

Risk in North America

Central America falls in the tropical and subtropical region. In those areas, risk of malaria is high due to breeding population of mosquitoes. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

Belize Very low in areas of Toledo and Stann Creek Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Dominican Republic Low risk overall, none in Santiago and Santo Domingo Anti-malarial medication
El Salvador Very low along Guatemalan border Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Guatemala Low risk in rural areas; none in Antigua or Lake Atitlan Anti-malarial medication, avoid mosquitoes in others
Haiti Moderate Anti-malarial medication
Honduras Moderate; none in Sula, San Pedro and Tegucigalpa Anti-malarial medication
Mexico Very low risk; none along the US-Mexico border Anti-malarial medication in some areas, mosquito avoidance in others
Nicaragua Low risk in few districts Anti-malarial medication in some areas, mosquito avoidance in others
Panama Low risk in eastern provinces Anti-malarial medication

 

Risk in South America

Part of South America falls in the tropical and subtropical region. In those areas, risk of malaria is high due to breeding population of mosquitoes. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

Bolivia Low overall, none in La Paz Anti-malarial medication
Brazil Low in states of Acre, Amazonas, Rondonia etc. Also present in urban areas None at Iguassu Falls Anti-malarial medication
Colombia Low overall, none in Bogota and Cartagena Anti-malarial medication
Ecuador Low risk, none in Galapagos Islands, Guayaquil and Quito Anti-malarial medication
French Guiana Moderate, none in Kourou and Cayenne coast Anti-malarial medication
Guyana Moderate; rare in Amsterdam and Georgetown Anti-malarial medication
Paraguay Very low Avoid mosquitoes, no drugs
Peru Low; none in Lima province, Arequipa, Cuzo, Ica, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca etc Anti-malarial medication
Suriname Moderate in provinces of Sipaliwini and Brokopondo Anti-malarial medication
Venezuela Low risk; none in Margarita Island and cities of Caracas and Maracaibo Anti-malarial medication in some areas, avoid mosquitoes in others

 

Risk in Oceania

Part of Oceania falls in the tropical region. In those areas, risk of malaria is high due to breeding population of mosquitoes. Following countries have been reported by CDC, and recommended action has been advised.

Country

Risk of Malaria

Recommended Drugs

Papua New Guinea High Anti-malarial medication
Solomon Islands High Anti-malarial medication
Vanuatu Moderate Anti-malarial medication

 

If you are planning to travel, and your country falls in any of the lists above, consult your doctor today. Your health professional will advise you of the appropriate measures you need to take in order to protect yourself from contracting malarial infection.

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