Migraitan is an oral medication containing the active ingredient sumatriptan. It is used to relieve the symptoms of migraine, including headache, pain, nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to sunlight, and is prescribed where ordinary painkillers have failed to have an effect.
Migraitan contains the active ingredient sumatriptan, which belongs to a group of medications known as serotonin receptor agonists, or triptans. Triptans work by reversing the changes in the brain which lead to migraines; primarily, they work against what is thought to be the main cause of migraines, the widening of blood vessels by the natural substance serotonin. While triptans are neither a preventative nor a cure for migraines, they provide effective and fast relief from symptoms such as pain, nausea, and sensitivity to sunlight.
Migraitan works best if taken as soon as the symptoms of migraine take hold, and usually begins to work within 30 minutes.
The duration of Migraitan's effects depend on the severity of your symptoms and your personal response to treatment. If symptoms are only partially relieved, or if they return, you may take another dose as long as 2 hours has passed since your first. If there is no improvement in your symptoms after taking a dose of Migraitan, do not take a second dose without first consulting a doctor.
Ocular migraines, also known as retinal migraines, include symptoms such as blind spots in the vision, bright or flashing lights, temporary loss of vision, and increased sensitivity to light. Generally, it is unusual to treat such symptoms as they don’t tend to last for very long. Ocular migraines can, however, be accompanied by headache-like symptoms, in which case Migraitan can be used for relief.
If Migraitan fails to relieve your symptoms, it is fine to take over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol, ibuprofen or aspirin. However, Migraitan should NOT be taken within 24 hours of taking ergotamine, dihydroergotamine, methysergide, or any other triptan-containing treatment such as zolmitriptan, almotriptan, eletriptan, frovatriptan, rizatriptan, or naratriptan.
Migraitan is neither a prevention nor a cure for migraines. It is used to relieve the symptoms of migraine as and when they occur.
Migraitan is considered to be a safe and effective treatment for the symptoms of migraine, but its effectiveness can differ from patient to patient. It is recommended that you organise a follow-up appointment with your doctor after beginning treatment to discuss its effectiveness and any side effects you may have experienced.
Migraitan is a serotonin receptor agonist, or triptan, a type of painkiller specifically designed to treat migraines.
While there is no evidence of dependency or adverse effects resulting from long term use of Migraitan, it should not be used daily or as prophylaxis against migraines. Migraitan is recommended for intermittent treatment of migraines as and when they occur.
Migraitan can be taken in combination with over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin. However, you should check with a pharmacist before taking Migraitan in combination with over-the-counter painkillers specifically designed to treat migraines.
The active ingredient in Migraitan is sumatriptan.
The inactive ingredients in Migraitan are lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, titanium dioxide (E171), triacetin, and red iron oxide (E172).
Your doctor will decide your dosage depending on the severity of your symptoms and your response to treatment. The recommended dose for adults ages 18 to 65 is 1 x 50 mg tablet when you feel the symptoms of migraine coming on, a dose which can be increased to 100 mg if necessary. Migraitan is not recommended for use in adults over the age of 65.
Always use Migraitan as instructed by a doctor or pharmacist. Swallow one tablet whole with a glass of water as soon as you feel the symptoms of migraine coming on. Tablets should not be crushed or chewed. If your first dose has no effect, do not take another tablet without first consulting a doctor. If your symptoms are temporarily relieved but return later, it is possible to take another dose within 24 hours in some circumstances. Do not take two doses within 2 hours of each other, and do not exceed the maximum dose of 300 mg within 24 hours. If you take more Migraitan than you should, contact a doctor immediately.
Like all medicines, Migraitan can cause side effects in some patients. If you experience symptoms of a rare but severe allergic reaction, stop taking Migraintan and seek immediate medical help. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction include skin rash such as red spots or hives, swelling of the eyelids, face or lips, sudden wheeziness, tightness of the chest or total collapse.
Common side effects, affecting up to 1 in 10 people, include:
Drowsiness, dizziness, sensory disturbance
Temporary increase in blood pressure
Nausea or vomiting
Pain, sensation of heat or cold, pressure, tightness or heaviness. These symptoms are generally temporary and can occur in any part of the body.
The frequency of the following side effects can not be estimated from the available data:
Seizures, involuntary movement, tremor, nystagmus
Visual disorders such as flickering, reduced vision, or loss of vision (this may be the result of the miraine itself)
Changes in heartbeat, chest pain or heart attack
Low blood pressure, Raynaud’s phenomenon
Inflammation of the colon, with pain in the lower left side of the abdomen and/or bloody diarrhoea
Minor disturbances in liver function tests
Do NOT take Migraitan if:
You are allergic to sumatriptan or any of the other ingredients in this medication
You have a heart problem such as a narrowing of the arteries (ischaemic heart disease), chest pain (angina), or have had a heart attack in the past
You have had a stroke or a mini-stroke (TIA, or transient ischaemic attack)
You have blood circulation problems in the legs causing cramp-like pain when you walk (peripheral vascular disease)
You have high blood pressure or your blood pressure remains high despite medication
You have severely reduced liver function
Before using Migraitan, tell your doctor if:
You have symptoms indicating cardiac disease, including chest pain or feeling of pressure in the chest area which may be radiating to your neck
You have an intolerance to some sugars
You have reduced liver or kidney function
You have a history of fits (seizures), or if you have other conditions which might make it more likely that you’ll have a fit, including head injury and alcoholism
You are allergic to sulfonamide
You are a heavy smoker or are using nicotine replacement therapy, in particular if you are a man over the age of 40 or a woman who has been through menopause
Before taking Migraitan, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medications, including those purchased over the counter without a prescription. Some medicines may influence the effects of Migraitan, and vice versa:
Ergotamine or its derivatives, used to treat migraines. If you have taken a product containing Ergotamine, wait at least 24 hours before taking Migraitan. After taking Migraitan, wait at least 6 hours before taking a product containing ergotamine.
Do not take Migraitan if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 2 weeks. This includes moclobemide for depression or selegiline for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
Using Migraitan with SSRIs and SNRIs for depression can cause serotonin syndrome, with symptoms such as restlessness, confusion, sweating, hallucinations, increased reflexes, muscle spasms, shivering, increased heartbeat, and shaking.
Taking Migraitan with herbal remedies containing St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum) may make side effects more likely.
Migraitan can cause drowsiness, and migraines themselves can cause alterations to vision, dizziness and sleepiness. If you experience any of the above, do not drive, ride a bike, or operate heavy machinery until the sensation has passed.
If you are pregnant, planning on becoming pregnant, or breastfeeding, consult a doctor for advice before using Migraitan.
You should not drink alcohol when taking Migraitan, as this can increase the likelihood of side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness and flushing. Alcohol is also likely to worsen the symptoms of migraine.
Migraitan is a brand name for the generic drug Sumatriptan. Both contain the active ingredient sumatriptan and work in the same way, although the generic drug may be cheaper.
Imigran Nasal Spray and Migraitan tablets contain the same active ingredient, sumatriptan, and work in the same way to relieve the symptom of migraine. Both begin to work in around 30 minutes and should be used as soon as the symptoms of migraine become apparent. Imigran Nasal spray is a good alternative for people who struggle to swallow tablets, but should be used at a lower dose of 1 x 10mg spray, or 1 x 20 mg spray into one nostril. The nasal spray and tablet options are considered to have a similar effectiveness, though the nasal spray is less likely to have adverse side effects.
Migraitan, generic name Sumatriptan, is the most commonly prescribed treatment for migraines, and is available in the form of a nasal spray under the name Imigran. Other triptans, Frovatriptan and Naratriptan, are also available and are thought to have longer-lasting effects. Anti-emetics (anti-sickness medications) can also be effective, even if you do not experience nausea or sickness as symptoms of your migraines. Regular painkillers such as paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin can be used to relieve pain, while combination medications containing both painkillers and anti-emetics can be purchased over the counter with help from a pharmacist.
Migraines often seem unavoidable for those who experience them regularly, but while most triggers cannot be controlled, there are some measures you can take to reduce their impact on your health. While working at a computer, take regular breaks from looking at your screen and walk around between tasks. Regular exercise can help reduce the occurence of migraine attacks, as can finding the time to relax and de-stress where possible. Pay attention to your diet, making sure it is balanced and healthy, and stay well hydrated at all times.
Yes, Migraitan is a prescription only medicine and requires consultation with a doctor before purchase.
Migraitan can cause drowsiness, in which case you should not drive until you feel normal again. Migraines themselves can also cause dizziness, tiredness, or obstruction to vision, in which case you should not attempt to drive.
Migraitan does contain lactose. If you are intolerant to some sugars, speak to your doctor before taking Migraitan.
For many women, Migraines are linked to hormonal changes during their menstrual cycle. Menstrual migraines refers to a case in which migraines occur from two days before their period starts to up to 3 days after. Migraitan is an effective treatment for menstrual migraines.