Pain is an unpleasant sensation that may indicate an underlying problem, such as an injury or infection. There are many different types of pain, such as aching, stinging and burning sensations. The type of pain and it’s severity can indicate the underlying cause. Pain treatment can focus on resolving the underlying cause or treating the pain directly.
Pain can affect many different areas of the body and can have many different causes. Here we summarise some of the most common types of pain:
People can experience psychological pain. This may be as a result of a mental health condition such as depression, or as a natural response to life events such as grief or trauma. Pain can also be psychosomatic. This is when a physical sensation of pain is experienced or aggravated in response to a psychological factor such as stress.
You should see a doctor about your pain in the following situations:
Pain can feel very different depending upon the specific cause of the pain. To ensure you get the best treatment, it can be helpful to consider exactly what your pain feels like and if it appears alongside any other symptoms. The following list may help you identify the specific features of your pain:
Pain can affect the body in a number of different ways:
Paracetamol is one of the most popular painkillers in the UK. It is particularly suited to the treatment of headaches, stomach aches, sunburn and toothaches. As a registered pharmacy, paracetamol is available from Dr Felix in larger quantities than you can buy in most high street stores and supermarkets.
NSAIDs are a popular group of anti-inflammatory drugs that include medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac and aspirin. They reduce inflammation, which then alleviates inflammatory symptoms such as pain and swelling. For this reason, they are particularly suited to certain types of pain with an inflammatory component such as: back pain, joint pain,muscle pain, period pain, and migraines. NSAIDs are most commonly taken as tablets, but various gels, such as Voltarol and ibuprofen gel are also available for more targeted pain relief.
Local anaesthetics, such as lidocaine and benzocaine, stop the nerves from sending pain signals to the pain. This makes them very effective for treating pain in a specific area,including pain that is not caused by inflammation.
Opioid painkillers include a range of drugs such as codeine and morphine. They can be highly effective and are used to treat more severe pain. However, opioids are not available through Dr Felix, as they can become addictive. However, if appropriate, medications such as codeine may be supplied under the supervision of a pharmacist or prescribed by your doctor.
A range of different gels & liquids is available to treat mouth ulcers and areas of soreness caused by braces & dentures. These medications typically contain a local anaesthetic to treat the pain alongside an antiseptic, to help prevent infection. Anbesol and Bonjela are available from Dr Felix.
Muscle and joint pain is most commonly treated by anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen gel and diclofenac (Voltarol). These medications reduce inflammation, which then alleviates symptoms of inflammation such as pain and swelling. Other products such as FlexiSEQ can also be used. FlexiSEQ works by lubricating the joint surfaces, allowing them to slide over each other more easily.
Paracetamol is usually the best choice of pain relief during pregnancy. If you do take paracetamol during pregnancy, you should take the lowest effective dose for you and you should take it for the shortest time possible. Medications can travel across the placenta and may cause harm to your child, so it is always best to speak to your pharmacist or GP before taking any medication during pregnancy.
After a COVID vaccine, you may experience side effects such as pain, a headache, a high temperature or feeling shivery. You can take paracetamol or ibuprofen to treat these symptoms, providing it is usually safe for you to take these medications. You may choose to take paracetamol or ibuprofen shortly after the vaccine to try and avoid some of these side effects. Both paracetamol and ibuprofen act as painkillers and can reduce a temperature, which may help you to avoid these side effects.
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