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Pantoprazole is a medicine which decreases the amount of stomach acid produced. It's used to treat acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), soothe heartburn and can also be used to treat stomach ulcers. Pantoprazole is a type of medicine called a proton pump inhibitor.
Pantoprazole works by reducing the amount of acid that is produced by the stomach. Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid travels back up the food pipe, causing a painful burning sensation known as heartburn. If this occurs more than two times a week, it's known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Pantoprazole should start to work after 2-3 days but you may still experience symptoms for up to 4 weeks before the medication takes its full effect.
Taking Pantoprazole for longer than three months may cause the magnesium levels in your blood to drop. This can cause:
If you take Pantoprazole for a period of a year or more you may experience the following side effects:
You should see your doctor regularly if you have been taking Pantoprazole for this long.
Heartburn is the main symptom of acid reflux. This happens when acid from the stomach flows back up the food pipe. Other symptoms may include:
It's likely that your symptoms will be more prevalent after eating or when you lie down or bend over.
The active ingredient in the medicine is pantoprazole.
The inactive ingredients in Pantoprazole are sodium carbonate (anhydrous), mannitol, crospovidone, povidone K90, calcium stearate.
Coating: hypromellose, povidone K25, titanium dioxide (E171), yellow iron oxide (E172),
propylene glycol, methacrylic acid-ethyl acrylate copolymer (1:1), polysorbate 80, sodium
laurilsulfate, triethyl citrate.
Pantoprazole should be taken an hour before a meal. Swallow the tablets whole with a drink of water. Always take it as your doctor has prescribed.
Pantoprazole tablets should be swallowed whole. If you have difficulty swallowing pills, a liquid version of the medicine can be prescribed instead.
If you have purchased 20mg Pantoprazole over-the-counter, take the medicine for 2 weeks. If you don't notice an improvement after this, see your doctor. If you have been prescribed Pantoprazole, the usual treatment period for Acid Reflux and stomach Ulcers is 4-8 weeks.
If you forget to take your scheduled dose of Pantoprazole then take it as soon as you remember. If you take one tablet a day and you are due to take the next one in less than 12 hours, skip the missed dose. For individuals taking Pantoprazole twice daily do not take a missed dose if your next one is due in less than 4 hours.
If you take too much Pantoprazole by mistake, don't panic. It's unlikely that an extra dose or two will cause you issues but if you notice any of the following symptoms report this to your doctor:
The dose prescribed will depend on what your symptoms are and why you are taking it.
Always take the dose that your doctor or pharmacist has prescribed to treat your symptoms.
Possible side effects include:
Serious side effects are rare and may include:
Seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms.
Headaches usually disappear in the first week of taking Pantoprazole. You can take painkillers to ease the discomfort and ensure you drink plenty of water. Eat plain foods if you feel sick or experience vomiting. Drink frequent sips of water to stay hydrated, including having an upset stomach with diarrhoea. For constipation, incorporate fibre rich foods into your diet.
Pantoprazole is not suitable for:
The following medications may interfere with the effectiveness of Pantoprazole:
Inform your doctor if you are taking any of these before taking Pantoprazole.
Other medications that decrease the amount of stomach acid produced are Lansoprazole, Omeprazole, Esomeprazole and Rabeprazole. These are all proton pump inhibitors that work the same way as Pantoprazole. Antacids are over-the-counter remedies for heartburn such as Gaviscon, Alka Seltzers and Milk of Magnesia. These provide quick relief but are not suitable for long term use.
Antacids can be taken alongside Pantoprazole. Wait at least 2 hours before or after taking Pantoprazole before taking any.
Over-the-counter painkillers are fine to take alongside Pantoprazole. Ibuprofen is best taken after a meal to prevent it from having an effect on your stomach.
There are lifestyle changes you can adopt to prevent acid reflux from occurring. These include:
There are several common factors which can cause acid reflux. These include:
Acid reflux cannot always be prevented but there are measures you can take to help reduce the possibility of it occurring. Avoiding foods which trigger your symptoms, cutting down on caffeinated drinks and not smoking will help. It's also recommended not to eat too close to bedtime and maintaining a healthy weight. Finding ways to manage and deal with stress may also help to prevent acid reflux.
Drinking alcohol is not advised while you are taking Pantoprazole. This is because it can trigger acid reflux and cause irritation to your stomach lining.
Pantoprazole is available to purchase over the counter as a 20mg dose. If you don't notice an improvement in your symptoms after 2 weeks then see your doctor.
There is no evidence to suggest that Pantoprazole can impact fertility.
Pantoprazole will not have an effect on the contraceptive pill but it can interfere with ellaOne, a type of the morning after pill.
If you experience any side effects that impair your vision or reflexes, do not drive until you feel better. Pantoprazole can cause dizziness, confusion or blurred vision in some people.
Pantoprazole is not suitable for pregnant or breastfeeding women. If you experience acid reflux during this time, speak to your doctor or midwife who can recommend a safe treatment.
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