Tetralysal is a type of antibiotic used to treat acne and other bacterial infections. It is taken orally in tablet form.
Tetralysal works by targeting bacteria, preventing them from growing and multiplying. The medication is particularly effective against acne as it works against a type of bacteria called Propionebacterium acnes. This is the bacteria which causes acne, feeding on the oils which are produced by the sebaceous glands.
Tetralysal will begin to work after a week of taking it. It's likely that you won't notice a visible difference until you've been taking Tetralysal for a couple of weeks.
Tetralysal is an antibiotic. The generic name for the drug is Lymecycline.
Acne is a skin condition which causes the skin to break out in spots, pimples and blackheads. It is often associated with teenagers but it commonly affects adults of all ages too. Acne occurs when the pores in your skin become blocked with excess oil and dead skin cells. The main underlying cause of this is hormonal changes within the body, including the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause.
The active ingredient in Tetralysal is lymecycline.
The other ingredients are magnesium stearate and colloidal hydrated silica.
The standard dose of Tetralysal to treat acne is 300mg per day. This is taken as one capsule each day. Always take the medication as your doctor or pharmacist has prescribed.
Tetralysal should be taken once a day in the morning, the tablets being swallowed whole with a glass of water. Taking them after food will reduce the likelihood of experiencing Nausea or stomach upset.
If you take too much Tetralysal it is not likely to cause you harm. If you are worried at all then see your doctor and let them know what dose you have taken.
If you forget to take Tetralysal, just take your missed dose as soon as you remember unless it's nearly time for your next one. Do not double up doses to make up for a missed one.
Take Tetralysal for the time period prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist. To treat acne, this is usually 8 weeks. Always complete the course of your treatment even if your acne clears up before this otherwise your symptoms might return.
Possible side effects of Tetralysal include:
Blistering of the skin, or peeling
Altered number of blood cells
Signs of an allergic reaction are:
Swelling of the face, lips, throat or tongue
Significant peeling or blistering of the skin
If you experience any of the above seek immediate medical attention.
Do not take Tetralysal if:
You are allergic to Lymecycline or other types of tetracycline antibiotics
You are allergic to any of the other ingredients included in the medicine
You have ever experienced kidney disease
You are pregnant
You are a child under 12
You are taking oral retinoids
If any of the following apply to you let your doctor know before you take Tetralysal:
Liver or kidney failure
Systemic lupus erythematosus
The following medicines can reduce the efficiency of Tetralysal. Wait at least two hours after taking Tetralysal before using:
Quinapril for high blood pressure
Supplements with calcium, aluminium, magnesium, zinc or iron
Avoid the following medications while taking Tetralysal:
Antacids containing aluminium, calcium, magnesium or iron salts
Tetralysal is not safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Let your doctor know if you are trying to get pregnant so that they can prescribe you with a suitable treatment.
You can still drink alcohol while taking Tetralysal.
Tetralysal will not affect the contraceptive pill or emergency contraceptives.
Tetralysal has not been shown to have an effect on fertility in either women or men.
Tetralysal can build up in teeth and bones that are still growing, resulting in permanent staining. This is why the medication is not suitable for children under 12. It will not affect adult teeth.
Thrush is a possible side effect while taking Tetralysal. This occurs because the antibiotic kills off the bacteria that normally regulates the candida yeast which causes thrush.
There are various treatment options available for acne. You will usually start with over-the-counter remedies and if these are unsuccessful you'll need a prescription for either topical antibiotics, retinoids or antibiotics in tablet form. Azelaic acid and Benzoyl Peroxide are two alternative types of treatments which are applied to the skin. The combined contraceptive pill can help to manage acne in women. Isotretinoin is prescribed for severe acne, or if all other treatments do not work.
There are ways to treat acne at home to reduce inflammation and help spots to heal. Some popular substances include:
Tea tree oil which has anti-inflammatory properties and works as a natural antibacterial agent
Aloe Vera also works in a similar way and is a potent moisturiser
Honey is a traditional source of antioxidants and works well in clearing and healing the pores
Green tea which contains high concentrations of antioxidants
These remedies are likely to work well for mild acne and the occasional pimple but moderate to severe acne will need prescription medicine to treat it effectively. Avoid using toothpaste to dry out spots as this can irritate the skin.
There are lifestyle changes you can make to help manage acne and prevent further breakouts. These include:
Wash your face twice a day with non-comedogenic products (oil free)
Avoid over cleansing as this can aggravate skin and make your symptoms worse
Use moisturiser to keep the skin in good condition
Avoid makeup which will clog up your pores
Don't touch your face or squeeze spots
Shower after doing sports or working out
Tetralysal is only available on prescription and cannot be purchased over-the-counter.
Different antibiotics have different functions and they are not all suitable for every infection. Tetralysal is the brand name for the antibiotic Lymecycline. It is designed to target the bacteria which causes acne, making it more effective than others in treating the skin condition.
There are six different types of spots associated with acne:
Blackheads- these arise due to trapped hair within the hair follicles
Whiteheads- small bumps similar to blackheads. They are firm to touch and do not produce pus
Papules- Tender, red bumps
Pustules- Sore, red bumps which have pus in the middle
Nodules- large lumps which have built up under the surface of the skin and are uncomfortable
Cysts- large round or oval shaped lumps which are pus- filled
Severe acne is usually characterised by cysts and nodules. These types of spots are most likely to result in permanent scarring.
NHS> Acne https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/acne/
NHS> Acne Complications https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/acne/complications/
Web MD> Adult acne: popular questions and answers https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/ss/slideshow-adult-acne
Web MD> 10 tips for preventing acne https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/acne/10-tips-for-preventing-pimples
Patient Leaflet https://www.medicines.org.uk/emc/product/926/pil